Today in Irish History – 19 August:

Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland

1504 – Battle of Knockdoe (also known as The Battle of Axe Hill). After Ulick Burke of Clanricard seizes Galway city, Edward Fitzgerald, the Earl of Kildare, goes to Connacht and defeats Burke at Knockdoe. This is the largest battle ever fought between Irishmen, with 10,000 participants and 2,000 fatalities; however, most of the fighting is done by gall óglach – foreign warriors – or gallowglass. As a reward, Fitzgerald is made a Knight of the Garter.

1792 – Edward Hincks, orientalist, is born in Cork.

1839 – Act passed for the “improvement of navigation on the Shannon”.

1876 – The ship Catalpa arrives in the U.S. with Irish Fenian prisoners rescued from Australia.

1887 – Birth of poet Francis Ledwidge in Slane, Co Meath.

1907 – A memorial arch is dedicated at St. Stephens Green Dublin in honour of the Irish soldiers who died fighting for “King and country”…

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