1641 – Rory O’More, Lord Maguire and Sir Pheilim O’Neill initiate a major revolt in Armagh.

Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland

The Irish Uprising of 1641 was a long-term result of the “plantation” policy of Tudor and Stuart monarchs under which Ireland was aggressively colonised by Protestant settlers from England and Scotland.

From the mid-16th century, Irish landowners were dispossessed to make way for the settlers and a vicious cycle developed whereby rebellion against the English government was followed by further dispossession of rebels’ lands as punishment. The province of Munster was heavily colonised by English settlers during the 1580s after the suppression of the Desmond Rebellions. Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, resisted the English advance into Ulster, resulting in the Nine Years War (1594-1603). In 1607, O’Neill and other leading Ulster noblemen left Ireland intending to return with military help from Spain, but this never materialised and the Flight of the Earls was followed by the mass colonisation of Ulster. King James I ruled both England and Scotland so the…

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