1939 – Christmas Raid: The IRA raided the Phoenix Park Magazine Fort.

Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland

Now’s here’s a proof of Irish sense
Here Irish wit is seen
When nothing’s left that’s worth defence,
We build a Magazine. –Jonathan Swift, Magazine Fort, c. 1737

The reason for Jonathan Swift’s ditty, in making light of the starfort, was that Dublin was relatively impoverished at that time: What is there to defend in such a situation, he wondered!

Phoenix Park Magazine Fort is located on the south side of the Park. The sprawling star-shaped fort — built in 1734 to store and guard hundreds of tonnes of gunpowder for use by the British Army all across Ireland — was garrisoned until 1922 by the British Army.

In use by British and Irish forces for 250 years, the fort was subject to two notable raids in the 20th century. During the 1916 Easter Rising, thirty members of the Irish Volunteers and Fianna Éireann captured the fort. Some of the…

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